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Hazrat Makhdum Fakih Ali Mahimi (R.A.)

Hazrat Makhdum Ali Mahimi ( 1372 to 1431 A.D ) was a great saint and scholar of international repute. He lived during the time of the Tuglaq dynasty and that of Sultan Ahmed Shah of Gujarat, and was married to Sultan sister.

Hazrat Makhdum Ali Mahimi is rightly called "Qutb-E-Kokan" as he lived in Mahim, a well known town on the Western Coast of Konkan. He was a Scholar & Sufi of Par Excellence. As a Sufi and Scholar he was contemporary of Shaikh Mohiuddin Arabi of Spain, and his disciple Abdul Kareem Aljili author of " Insan-E-Kamil".Incidences of his life and miracles attributed to him are many. He is honored by taking lessons from Hazrat Khawaja Khizar Hayat-un-Nabi (Alais-salaam),

who also taught to Hazrat Moosa Alaihis-salaam. Hazrat Khawaja Khizar Hayat-un-Nabi (Alais-salaam), Chilla is registered under the Wakf board bearing no. MSBW 37/2007 Dated:16/4/2007

Hazrat Makhdum Ali Mahimi was the first commentator of the Holy Quran in India. His commentary is known throughout the World and is called "Tafsirur Rahman." It is Unique among all the commentary of QURAN known to Scholars. In one of his books he discusses Philosophy of Time and Space.

Hazrat Makhdum Ali Mahimi's Shrine has a history of about 600 years, which is visited every year by millions of devotees of different caste and creed.

Recent works in Urdu and English as well as earlier biographies in Persian states that Hazrat Makhdum Ali Mahimi was well versed in the traditional Islamic sciences, including theology, jurisprudence, philosophy, and mysticism. He was one of the first Islamic scholar in India to have written a commentary in Arabic on the Quran, as well as expounding Shaykh ul-Akbar Ibn-e-Arabi's doctrine of Wahdat al-Wujud, or Unity of being. There is little biographical information on his daily conduct but he is known to have observed the obligatory Namaz as well as occupying himself with supererogatory prayers, dhikr, and contemplation of the divine. When engrossed in meditation, it is said, he would be totally unaware of everything around him. He enjoined the pupils at his seminary to go along this path and so concentrate on the purification of body, mind and soul.

Hazrat Makhdum Ali Mahimi has left a legacy of religious and literary works. The most distinguished amongst these is his pioneering commentary on the Quran, al-Tafsir ar- Rehmani. Written in a simple style, it comprehensively examines the subtle links between the different chapters in the Quran and their verses.

He discusses the Quran's mystical and non-mystical aspects and the relationship between them. Uniquely, he explains how the Bismillah at the head of each chapter has been named with reference to its contests and why each chapter bears a particular title. Handwritten copies of this work are known to exist but printed copies are difficult to obtain. His numerous treatises elucidating classical manuals and doctrines were read and commented upon by Sufi's and scholars like Shah Wajihuddin Alawi, Ghulam Ali Azad Bilgrami, and Shah Waliuallah in India during later times. They cover subjects as wide as Mysticism, Predestination, and Tawhid, or Unity of ALLAH and Time and Space. They elaborate on the interpretation of the Shariat and the Hadith traditions in the Light of Reason. In the Prologue to his Treatise entitled Al-Khusus Ila Mani an-Nusu on the work of Al-Wawnawi (d. 1274), believed to be Ibn-e-Arabi's stepson, he explains mystical terms and doctrines in detail. He was engrossed by the works of Ibn-e-Arabi (d. 1240), resulting in his outstanding commentary on Arabi's Fusus al-Hikam, the Mashra al Khusus Fi Sharh-i-Fusus al Hikam. He wrote three commentaries on the Fusus and one on Shihabuddin Suhrawardi's classical Sufi text “Awarif al-Ma'arif. With remarkable ease he quotes from famous Sufis and Philosophers like Razi, Suharawardi, Qushayri, Sullami, Makki, and Kalabadhi whilst discussing the Doctrines of Tawhid and Predestination.

Bibliography :

  • Sayed Imamuddin Gulshan Aabadi, Barakat-ul-Awliya, Bombay.
  • Ghulam Azad Bilgrami, Rausat'ul-Awliya, Aurangabad, 1892-93.
  • Bombay Gazetteer, Volume III, Bombay, 1910.
  • S.M. Edwardes, Rise of Bombay, Bombay 1909.
  • Maulana A. R. Parvaz Islahi, Makhdum Ali Mahimi, Naqsh-e-Kokan Publication Trust, Bombay,1976.
  • Nawab Siddiq Hasan Khan, Abjad-ul-Uloon, Bhopal,1295 AH.
  • Muhammed Yusuf Khatkhatey, Kashaful Maktoon
  • Fi-Halat-e-Haji Ali Makhdoom, Maktaba-e-Shihabi, Bombay,1903.
  • Towns and Islands of Bombay, Statistical account (Administration), Volume III, Bombay,1894.
  • Prof. Abdus Sattar Dalvi, Dargahs Abodes of the Saints.
  • Our Website: www.makhdumalimahimi.org